NASA’s $4 billion Jupiter Probe Is Back, And It’s Back Faster Than You Imagined
A giant probe of NASA’s Jupiter mission is heading for its biggest journey yet, as the agency plans to blast off to the planet’s largest moon, Io, in 2022.
The $4.6 billion Jupiter probe, dubbed Jupiter Orbiter Mission (JOAM), is designed to orbit the moon Io, a world of Saturn’s moon Europa and the largest object in the Solar System by weight.
The probe is being built by the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology, which was launched in 2010 to study Jupiter and other Jupiter-sized bodies.
It’s a bold plan, but a relatively inexpensive one, said Marc Rayburn, an associate professor of physics at the University of California, Irvine.
“It’s more expensive than I thought, and it’s going to be the cheapest mission ever,” he said.
“This mission is very much like the first mission to the moon of Jupiter, the Apollo moon missions,” Rayburn said.
“The moon is a good test bed for getting to other places.
It’s not that you have to have a really huge moon to get there.”
But while the mission is expected to be a spectacular and costly experiment, it will have a much shorter life than its predecessors.
JOAM will only be active for about one-tenth of its scheduled lifetime, or about 14 days.
That means it will take the spacecraft only about a week to reach Io.
The spacecraft will be flying over Io from its launch site in the Pacific Ocean, where it will sit in the sun’s shadow for a period of time.
Jupiter Orbiter’s mission will take about three weeks to complete.
The first stage of the mission will burn up in Earth’s atmosphere about a month after launch, and then the spacecraft will fly to the surface.
In 2020, the mission’s first orbiter flew by Jupiter and returned pictures of the giant planet, and in 2021, the spacecraft was able to take images of Io and its moon Europa.
It will launch the second and third orbiters in 2024 and 2025.
The second and fourth orbiters are scheduled to fly to Jupiter in 2024, and the first and second orbiters will launch in 2025.
The third and fourth will launch around 2022.
Rayburn said the mission would have to wait until the next generation of space missions, which will likely be smaller, so the mission could be postponed until 2025 or 2024.
“They’re going to have to build the whole spacecraft and the spacecraft is going to take a lot longer to get ready,” Raybur said.
A spacecraft will take four years to build, and that’s because it has to be built to an exacting standard, Rayburn explained.
“There are lots of things that have to go right to get that thing ready for the launch.”
Jupiter will have two stages.
One stage will be used to put the spacecraft into orbit, while the other will be burned up in the atmosphere and will be sent back to Earth to fall back to the Earth.
The first stage will have an apogee of about 5,000 kilometers, or 5,400 miles, while a second stage will reach an altitude of about 3,000 meters.
The landing will take place at an altitude between 3,500 and 5,500 meters.
A second stage is also needed to take the vehicle to Io, and to put it into orbit.
“You need a fair amount of thrust to do that,” Rayfield said.
The engines will need to be big enough to pull the spacecraft in that direction.
“The engine that does that is really the one that is going into the atmosphere,” he added.
“They’re pretty big, but they can’t push very far into the Earth’s gravity.
They’re going out, and they’re going back, and you can’t actually see it.”
The engines will also have to be large enough to carry the spacecraft, but not so large that the engine itself could topple.
“A lot of times in rocket propulsion systems, it’s got to be like that, but you’re just like, ‘You know what?
I don’t know if that’s going in or not,'” Rayburn added.
The third stage will use a massive liquid oxygen engine to lift the spacecraft to an altitude about 3.5 kilometers, which is a lot higher than its current orbit.
The fourth stage will also be used for this maneuver, and will use an air compressor that would compress air from the spacecraft’s cabin to create thrust to carry it in that trajectory.
A small fraction of the engine will be spent in the fourth stage, but it will be more than enough to do the maneuver.
The mission will be launched in 2022, and a new orbiter is expected in 2025 or 2026.
“I think this mission is going be a great addition to our portfolio,” Rayford said